Desalination Guidelines

Desalination of saline water sources is becoming a more popular solution to the currently diminishing water supply issue.

Guidelines for the Evaluation of Possible Environmental Impacts during the Development of Seawater Desalination Processes
DWAF August 2017
Desalination Guide for South African Municipal Engineers

"According to the National Water Resource Strategy, South Africa faces serious water challenges in the near future if the economic growth envisaged for the country needs to be sustained. As conventional water resources (surface and groundwater) near their full yield potential, and with climate change likely to increase the risks associated with water supply, the attention is slowly focussing on seawater desalination as the ultimate solution to the looming water crises in many of the coastal towns and cities in South Africa..."

"Municipalities need to develop Water Service Development Plans (WSDPs) as a first requirement in their budgetary process, and need to be made aware of what options are available in climbing the water ladder to provide more than basic services. While 25 l/person/day has been set as the minimum basic water supply and while many consumers receive far in excess of this amount, there are areas of the country where water of acceptable quality is not available for household use. However, in many areas adequate quantities of saline water may be or are readily available. This is especially the case for coastal cities and towns..."

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Desalination Guide for South African Municipal Engineers 
July 2006

"This Guideline sets out the aspects that municipal engineers and other planners need to consider when planning and designing a desalination plant as an alternative to a conventional water supply scheme..."

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