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Commercial Resource Uses


Project Duration: Long Term

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The following are sections from Ugu Lwethu - Our Coast (Goble et al., 2014). Contributions are from a range of authors all of whom are credited per section.

In addition to the many social and recreational amenities provided by coastal KZN, there are also a number of commercial ventures and opportunities based on coastal resources. These contribute significantly to job creation and to the Province's economy and include coastal tourism, fishing, diving as well as agriculture and extractive dune mining operations. 


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Some eight million tourists revel in KZN annually, attracted by its rich and unique natural environment and especially its coastline and beaches. Tourism to KZN has been expanding and forms an increasingly important component of the economy and future development of the Province. 

Photo: Blue Flag

Photo: Sean Fennessy

Commercial Fisheries

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South Africa has rich fishery resources with authorisation to harvest commercially being given to a number of operators. There are several, widely-differing types of commercial fishery in KZN, comprising oyster gathering, estuarine bait collecting, beach seine-netting, linefishing, industrial trawling and pelagic long-lining. None of these activities are very extensive in scale, but they are of provincial significance as they provide employment as well as economic benefits to those who participate in them, while providing members of the public and the local hospitality industry with seafood.


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As fisheries of wild stocks decline amid growing demand for high quality fish as food, can the farming of fish contribute to food security? The UN Food & Agriculture Organisation defines aquaculture as “farming of aquatic organisms, including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants”.

Photo: Gavin Carter

Photo: ORI

Minerals and Mining

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South Africa has an abundance of mineral resources and as a result is a world leader in mining, contributing significantly to the world’s primary mineral production and reserves. Although it has not been blessed with the mineral riches of some of the other South African provinces, KZN is a world leader in terms of titanium mineral concentrates production.

Manufacturing and Industry

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There are a number of large, globally competitive industries located in KZN, involved in manufacturing diverse products such as motor vehicles and vehicle parts, specialised metals, textiles, chemicals, forestry products, food and beverages - many of which are located within the KZN coastal zone.

Photo: ORI

Photo: ORI


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Agricultural activities are considered to be important contributors to the economy of KZN and South Africa. Some of these agriculturally related activities occur within the province’s coastal zone.

Commercial Resource Use PDF




Tongaat Hulett Growers Forum/ North Coast Forum

Research Funders


Denis Rouillard

Mariana Tomalin

Bronwyn Goble

Sean Fennessy

Bruce Mann

Erika Steyn

Wendy West

Larry Oellermann

Rudy van der Eslt

Brian Sugden